Question by mellzilla :]: marine aquarium help!!!!!!?
hi, i’m a bit lost at the moment. i have been keeping freshwater fish for yearrrrssss now and i feel i am ready to swich to saltwater. though, i’m not too sure about many things. simple things. eg. what is a protine skimmer? what is the difference between live rock and coral? what is a coral skeleton? how do i create flow in my tank, and what is a FLOWR? can anyone give me a site that helps to answer my questions, or perhaps a begginers guide? i have books, but they are too complex. greatly appreciated =]
and don’t worry, i won’t rush into anything.it will be a good 6bmonths or so before i even get the aquarium (upgrading from a simple 10 gallon to a 400 litre.. uh… i’m not sure how many gallons that is, im auzzie!)
wow, thank you sooo much. you people have helped me immensley! thanks again.
Answer by copperhead
1) A protein skimmer removes dissolved proteins (from wastes and excess food) that forms a thin film at the top of the water by using it’s tendency to adhere to small bubbles. A venturi or airstone is used to inject air into the water inside the skimmer and carry the proteins into a collection cup to completely remove them from the water before they contribute to ammonia, nitrite, and nitrate in the water.
2) Live rock is any marine substrate that has beneficial bacteria that cycle the wastes in the tank. Not to mention it usually has a lot of other cool criters like sponges, shrimp, fanworms, clams, snails, macroalgae, and others on it. A coral is an actual animal that has stinging cells for catching food. Some types are completely soft, and others have a hard internal portion. When a hard coral dies, it leaves behind the hard inner part, and this is what’s called its skeleton. Coral skeletons can be one of the materials that make up live rock, and live rock can have living corals (hard, soft, or both) living on them.
3) Flow is created with your filter, skimmer, and powerheads.
4) It’s FOWLR – fish-only with live rock – as one of the three marine tank types. The others are fish-only (no live rock) and reef (all the corals, anemones, shrimp, etc.) Although you get some of these on the live rock in a FOWLR, in a reef you buy it on purpose, and choose fish that won’t eat them.
I’m not sure what books you have, but marine tanks are a pretty complex setup. Two that I found helpful when I first started were The New Marine Aquarium by Michael S. Paletta. Microcosm Ltd. ISBN 1-890087-52-1 or The Conscientious Marine Aquarist by Robert M. Fenner. Microcosm Ltd. ISBN 1-890087-02-5 I though the first was slightly easier to ready, but the seond goes into the types of fish a little better. You might see if you can locate these at a local fish store or library.
Some websites/pages I’d suggest are these:
And a link to my recommendations for tank equipment: http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20071217204802AAgOQf2&r=w&pa=FZptHWf.BGRX3OFMiDNcVaeNgc6.V3XW9nmqDOh9xUWvgtnAgXYsv_NuULZIaSRYOEIg7BTjczGKbL_aLQ–&paid=answered#TJEvXWHuVjiPdq_vEnO4CFUNkgbZREnlEBpUnTPHpU57jJZ.gPoZ
Know better? Leave your own answer in the comments!